Who Separated Passover from Easter?

My radical proposal for reconnecting these severed roots.

By Michael Brown Published on March 29, 2018

This year, as Christians celebrate Good Friday, Jews will be celebrating Passover. But most years, the two holidays are separated, sometimes by several weeks. How did we end up with two distinct holy seasons when, in the beginning, they were one?

It’s important to remember that 2000 years ago, Judaism and Christianity were not two different faiths. Instead, Jesus the Jewish Messiah came to His Jewish people with a message of salvation. That message was then preached to the whole world.

Christianity: A Jewish Movement

In the beginning, Christianity was an exclusively Jewish movement. The first disciples were all Jews, with names like Yaakov (James) and Yehuda (Judas) and Yochanan (John). In fact, the Lord’s name was Yeshua, not Jesus. He was a rabbi, not a reverend. As for His mother, her name was Miriam, not Mary.

And when did Yeshua die for our sins? It was in conjunction with the Passover. And He rose from the dead on Firstfruits, which took place on the first day after the Passover Sabbath. (In other words, on that Sunday.) And when did He send the Holy Spirit? It was at Pentecost, the Jewish feast of Weeks (Shavuot).

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So, these momentous events — the Messiah’s death and resurrection and sending the Spirit — all happened in conjunction with the Jewish biblical calendar. (See Leviticus 23. For more on the Jewish roots of the faith, see my book The Real Kosher Jesus.)

This was understood by many of the first Gentile converts, which is why Paul wrote this to the believers in Corinth:

Clean out the old leaven, that you may be a new lump, just as you are in fact unleavened. For Christ our Passover also has been sacrificed. Let us therefore celebrate the feast, not with old leaven, nor with the leaven of malice and wickedness, but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth (1 Cor. 5:7-8).

Too Jewish For the Gentiles

Over time, the followers of Jesus began to mark the day of His death and the day of His resurrection. We now know these days as Good Friday and Resurrection (or, Easter) Sunday. But at first, this was done during the Passover season. How, then, did it get separated, becoming a separate holiday called Easter?

Messianic Jewish scholar Mark Kinzer explains:

The point of disagreement was this: should the Gentile ekklesia [congregation, church] commemorate the death and resurrection of Yeshua on the fourteenth of Nisan, when the Jews celebrate the Passover? Those who said yes were called the Quartodecimans (from the Latin word for “fourteenth”). Their practice likely derived from the early Jewish ekklesia. The small communities of Jewish Yeshua-believers in the second century almost certainly maintained this custom … The problem came from the fact that the Gentile ekklesia of the province of Asia (in Asia minor) was Quartodeciman and claimed that their practice was of apostolic origin.

The Quartodeciman controversy observing was disturbing, since (if followed) it would obligate the entire ekklesia to order its liturgical calendar in accordance with the decisions of the Jewish community. In a matter of great practical import it expressed dependence upon and even solidarity with the wider Jewish world (Post-Missionary Messianic Judaism, 199).

The problem was simple: Following the Jewish calendar was too Jewish for the increasingly Gentile church! The idea of a Sunday celebration of the resurrection was not the real issue. That could have been done, theoretically, in conjunction with Firstfruits. The issue was having a major Christian (which by then meant “non-Jewish”) holy day determined by the Jewish calendar. That was simply unacceptable, leading to the final decision at the Nicene Council in A.D. 325. As Kinzer notes, “Constantine’s language is almost embarrassingly direct.”

A Radical Separation and a Radical Solution

To quote the decision directly:

It was declared to be particularly unworthy for this, the holiest of all festivals, to follow the custom [the calculation] of the Jews, who had soiled their hands with the most fearful of crimes, and whose minds were blinded. In rejecting their custom, we may transmit to our descendants the legitimate mode of celebrating Easter, which we have observed from the time of the Saviour’s Passion to the present day [according to the day of the week]. We ought not, therefore, to have anything in common with the Jews, for the Saviour has shown us another way; our worship follows a more legitimate and more convenient course (the order of the days of the week); and consequently, in unanimously adopting this mode, we desire, dearest brethren, to separate ourselves from the detestable company of the Jews, for it is truly shameful for us to hear them boast that without their direction we could not keep the feast … it would be still be your duty not to tarnish your soul by communications with such wicked people [the Jews].

Yes, such language is “almost embarrassingly direct,” not to mention shamefully unchristian. How painfully ironic that the resurrection of Yeshua the Messiah had to be separated from anything Jewish! If ever there was a tragic severing of Jewish roots, this was it.

How do we reconnect these severed roots? My proposal is radical, requiring a change of the most commonly-used Church calendar. But, to be candid, severing Easter from Passover was radical.

Here is what I propose. Let the Church celebrate Easter in conjunction with Passover, coordinating its calendar with the biblical, Jewish calendar. And during the Passover week, commemorate Yeshua’s death on Friday and His resurrection on Sunday. Can anyone give me a biblically-based reason not to?

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  • Chad Troquille

    Count me in!

  • Paul

    One of the best articles I’ve read from you Michael, I would definitely support such a change.

  • Ray

    Some of us who are not Jewish wonder why we couldn’t celebrate Easter the same time of the year,each year, according to when the crucifixion and resurrection actually happened. The date for Easter moves around so much every year. I wonder if we really know when these events actually happened, and what dates they would correspond to. When I think of Easter, I think of all the events, that happened that week. To me, it really doesn’t matter when it is celebrated.

    • Nan

      In the West it’s always the first Sunday after the first full moon after the vernal equinox. In the East, all that but after Passover.

  • Ray

    There can be quite a difference in the weather this time of year depending. We are just past winter and just into spring. But Easter on the calendar moves around a lot, and if it’s late in April, the weather can be quite pleasant. I wonder what it actually was like on the day of Jesus’ crucifixion. I seem to remember Easter in March.

  • Ray

    Some of this reminds me of past Line Of Fire radio blogs, where some people would argue over the evils of Easter with some talk of roots in pagan whatever, and the same sort of talk about Christmas, Santa Clause and reindeer or whatever. Just because a day has some darkness one could find surrounding it, in it’s past, or present, doesn’t mean everyone’s celebration of it is displeasing to the Lord on that account. I don’t think he thinks that way, just sayin’.

    • Nan

      Easter is only the Western name. In the East, Pascha is celebrated. Pascha, our Passover, the Lamb of God.

    • john appleseed

      You’re right, there are those baseless objections to Easter (Oster in ancient German, meaning Passover).
      But those have nothing to do with this article.

      • Rob Selwitz

        ‘Oster’ does not mean Passover in ancient German. Nice try!

  • Ray

    There are some Jewish people who would want to draw the Gentile part of the Church into the law, and under the bondage of it, and just for that reason, I’m thinking a lot of Christians would not like any such change.

    • john appleseed

      That would be “throwing out the baby with the bathwater,” but I’m afraid you’re correct. That is how most church folks would react.

    • Rob Selwitz

      Which Jewish people “want to draw the Gentile part of the Church into the law”? I am unaware of any.

      • RBG

        I am a Jew that believes in Jesus for over 50 years. He is right there are some Messianic Congergations that believe the Law of Moses is still in effect but there are also some Gentile believers who say that God has replaced the Jews with the Church! therefore: They explain that they are now the spiritual Jews and Israel is no longer His people because of the nation’s “partial rejection,” of Messiah! Roman’s 9-10. Both teachings are wrong!!!

        • Rob Selwitz

          However, I know of no “Jewish people who would want to draw the Gentile part of the Church into the law, and under the bondage of it”. Whether it is ‘kosher’ or not for Jewish people to continue to be observant is an entirely different question

      • Ray

        When they come at you with legalism, you should know them.

        • Rob Selwitz

          You didn’t answer my question. Have you ever encountered Jewish followers of Yeshua who are seeking to add legalism to the faith of Gentile believers? I’ve never seen it.

  • tz1

    And we have to circumcize infants on the 8th day, stop eating pork and non-fish seafood, and certainly stop eating cheeseburgers since you can’t have dairy and meat together!

    2000 years ago, the Apostle Paul spoke against the Judiaizers.
    Pity that people today hate the bible and the new Testament and want to return to the burden of the law that condemned, not saved us.

    Shall we give up Christmas too?

    If you wish to be a Jew, convert and renounce Jesus/Yeshua as Messiah, then move to Israel, and wait for the Messiah to come.

    For me, Jesus made all things new, including the liturgical calendar. Everything was redefined, redeemed, but CHANGED.

    Worse, how do you know the damned (yes, they are going to hell as they are apart from Christ, or are you going to say people are saved when they reject Christ?) are the ones calculating Passover/Easter correctly? We have and had the Holy Spirit guiding the Church and set our calculations. On what basis do Jews have since they do not have 2/3 of the Trinity?

    Why don’t you try to save Jews from hell instead of bringing their hell inspired practices into Jesus’ church? You must really hate Jews to want them damned for all eternity, starting with the ones that pushed Pontius Pilate (“I find no fault in him”) to crucify their Messiah.

    • Bryan

      Are you really so self-righteous? Jesus didn’t make a new liturgical calendar. The church made the liturgical calendar and it has been disputed and debated since inception.
      There is no call to circumcise male infants on the 8th day or to stop eating pork. In fact concerning the food, God showed Peter that all of the food was now to be considered clean. Why would we go back to the law for that? No one is calling to give up Christmas either. Dr. Brown’s article doesn’t question those things. He simply asks why not celebrate Easter and Passover together. Or as Jeffrey O’Rourke above says, at least within the same week. Jesus celebrated the Passover the night he was betrayed. Jesus is a Jew as much as he is God (both fully God and fully man). And we trace our spiritual heritage through Jesus back to Abraham just as our spiritual heritage leads back to the Fall. If we are not part of that spiritual heritage, then we are not part of Christ because Christ is part of that heritage as well. If he was not, he could not have been an appropriate sacrifice. I think Paul says that in one of the Corinthian letters or maybe in Romans. We are certainly not under the law like Paul says, but that does not mean that we cannot celebrate a Jewish ceremony that Christ himself celebrated.
      As to how do we know the Jews know when to celebrate the Passover, I should think that’s obvious: God told them when to celebrate it (Exodus 12, Leviticus 23, Numbers 9) and he did change their calendar then.
      The Jews have had the Holy Spirit throughout their history. Who was the pillar of cloud by day and the pillar of cloud by night that traveled with them through the wilderness. Whose spirit filled the temple? Do you think that the Holy Spirit of God really hasn’t intervened in Jewish history?
      Your last paragraph is worthy of the disdain. Look up his work, research, books, etc. and then continue to tell us that he isn’t trying to do exactly as you claim he should. Then think about the other Jewish inspired practices that you would give up if you were to have nothing to do with Jews: The 10 Commandments in the practical sense (like we should lie and steal and covet our neighbor’s wife), The Lord’s Supper (just in case you forgot, Jesus was a Jew), etc. Maybe we should reinstate child sacrifice since it was the Jews who first abandoned the practice. Obviously these are farcical suggestions but I hope you get the point. Christianity has it’s roots so deeply within Judaism that you can’t neatly unravel them even if your Constantine.
      I agree with Dr. Brown that there is no biblical basis not to celebrate Easter in the week of Passover. There is also no biblical basis to say that it has to be celebrated with Passover, either. I do believe there are practical and pragmatic issues that have to be overcome. The biggest of which is the lack of unification within the Church. Other concerns are trying to incorporate a 13 month lunar based calendar into a 12 month Gregorian calendar.

      • Nan

        There is no such thing as “lack of unification within the Church.” There are true believers, who are Catholic or Orthodox, then there are protestants who don’t follow Christ’s teaching-sola scriptura was Martin Luther’s heresy.

        Yes, the Gregorian calendar, created by Pope St. Gregory the Great.

        Note also that Orthodox Christians do, in fact, celebrate Pascha during the week of Passover, that’s why Orthodox Easter is Apr 8 this year. Last year there was one Easter, celebrated the week of Passover.

        • Ken Abbott

          Nan, you need a better understanding of sola Scriptura. Martin Luther didn’t invent that.

        • Kathy

          Are you insinuating that the author of this article is not a true believer either because he is a Messianic Jew?

    • Patmos

      We are grafted in, as Paul says. He also says the veil will one day come off and the Jews will recognize Jesus as the Messiah. That’s happening, at least to a degree, at this very moment.

      Bottom line is, while modern Christian traditions may be well meaning, they are not exactly of God. When the Hebrews built the golden calf, they had good intentions too, and we saw how God felt about their good intentions.

      • tz1

        Will they recognize Christ in fear and horror? In the dialogue leading up to the crucifixion, one reason Jesus was crucified is because he said:
        (Mark 14:62)
        “And you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of the Mighty One and coming on the clouds of heaven.”

      • Kathy

        Well said, Patmos.

    • Steve Scarduzio

      That is one of the rudest posts I have ever seen. Not a very Christlike manner and disrespectful to Jews. Dr. Brown is Messianic. Are you anti-Semitic?

      • tz1

        I wish as many Jews as possible find Christ so will be with me and Jesus, the Messiah for eternity.

        Thus, I can’t encourage them to remain in darkness and damnation, no more than I would encourage someone who has a destructive habit to remain in it instead of quitting.

        Jesus was quite rude to the Pharisees who thought the Law – instead of Jesus – was the answer.

        If I thought sweet words would have an effect, I would have used them, but in 2018 the easier medicine fails, so I use something more bitter which might effect a cure. I could also simply use reason, as I have above, but I can only read the post as a sweet REJECTION of Christ’s sacrifice, the Holy Spirit, Faith, and Grace. With that either Easter is the correct date, or it doesn’t matter, without it, it is merely another following of the law that brings spiritual death.

        If someone had cancer, and a friend recommended Laetrile instead of modern though hard cures like radiation or chemo, would you be nice and polite and go along, or be rude and note the road leads to death?

        • Rob Selwitz

          They rejected because God hardened their hearts. Read Romans 11 and tell me if you come to a different conclusion

          • tz1

            So are their hearts still hardened so they still reject Christ, or do they do so because their hearts are normal but they choose Satan, or Barabbas, or ‘anyone but Jesus”?

          • Rob Selwitz

            Either way, what are you doing to help them see that their Messiah has come – or do you get some odd pleasure watching their separation from their Messiah?

      • tz1

        Acts 21:25 lists the things the Apostles (who knew more about it than any of us every will) prohibited:
        “As for the Gentile believers, we have written to them our decision that they should abstain from food sacrificed to idols, from blood, from the meat of strangled animals and from sexual immorality.”

        I suppose a Christian convert from Judiasm could still celebrate Passover, but only as a secularized holiday, something like Independence Day – we have parades and fireworks as traditions.

        Easter commerates the resurrection. Passover commerates the 10th Plague where if they didn’t, the first born would be slain. Passover commemerates avoidance of physical death. Good Friday through Easter Sunday commerates our salvation by grace through faith and the resurrection.

        I’m also jaded by the often even ruder posts about Christmas and Easter itself being inventions of the Church. Cromwell banned Christmas. Seventh Day Adventists consider celebrating on Sunday instead of Saturday “The Mark of the Beast”.

        Rudeness is not a sin. Heresy is.

        And there can be pleasant and pretty lies, and ugly and painful and rude truths. Which do you consider the greater evil?

    • Rob Selwitz

      tz1: Please read Romans 11 and tell me what you think it is about.

      • tz1

        Read Galatians. Does the seed of Abraham come through the law or Faith?
        If law, we are all still damned including Jews and Christ’s sacrifice was meaningless.
        But I will take Romans 11

        5: So too, at the present time there is a remnant chosen by grace.

        Not by works including celebrating the Passover, or Easter for that matter, and the remnant might only include those who accept Christ. The rest are still blind and damned.

        6: And if by grace, then it cannot be based on works; if it were, grace would no longer be grace. 

        See above.

        7: What then? What the people of Israel sought so earnestly they did not obtain. The elect among them did, but the others were hardened, …

        They also specifically rejected it. So no grace, blindness to the truth, but for some reason they can calculate the date of Easter better than Christians and the Church with the grace and the Holy Spirit?

        • Rob Selwitz

          So, when God set the date of Passover, was it in error. ?

          • tz1

            God for the Jews declared passover as being the full moon after the spring equinox.
            But he revised the celebration of his Son’s ressurection to be the first SUNDAY after the first full moon.

            I can understand why the resurrection would take precedence over the crucifixion.

        • Rob Selwitz

          So the council of Nicea had a better idea of when to celebrate Resurrection Day than believers living in the same century as The Messiah?

          • tz1

            Where in the council did they establish the methodology for assigning the date of Easter?
            Meanwhile, the Orthodox still stick to the pre-Gregorian calendar and not one peep about that!

    • Rob Selwitz

      God set the Passover date thousands of years ago. Paul said, “Christ our Passover is sacrificed for us, therefore let us keep the Feast”. Is that legalism?

      • tz1

        Yes. God also set the date of the commeration of the ressurection about 2000 years ago.
        Do you celebrate the sabbath on Saturday (friday sunset) or the ressurection on Sunday?
        The Mosaic law was repealied through Christ’s sacrifice and ressurection, not unlike the Fugitive Slave Law was nullified by an amendment.

  • Jeffrey O’Rourke

    I think there were two issues involved back then. One was many of the Quartodecians we’re staying so close Passover that they were celebrating Easter on a day other than Sunday. The second issue was everybody celebrating Easter at the same time. If we follow the Passover so closely that we are some years or even most years celebrating his death on Tuesday and his resurrection on Thursday, I would not be for that. But if I understand your recommendation, to celebrate Easter the Sunday of the week of Passover, I’m all for that. I don’t count, but Count Me In! I’ve been a Quartodecian in heart for many years.

  • Patmos

    “commemorate Yeshua’s death on Friday and His resurrection on Sunday. Can anyone give me a biblically-based reason not to?”

    Sure:

    “For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the whale’s belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.” -Matthew 12:40

    If he died on Friday, three nights would mean he arose on Monday.

    Pretty much all modern Christian tradition has paganism infused into it. I’ve seen a few Messianic Rabbis break it down. Pretty sure Sunday has it’s roots in sun god worship.

    All you have to do though is look in the Bible. If it’s not there, it’s probably not of the one true God.

    • Levi Holden

      Good point–however, what you are saying contradicts John 20:1. FYI, this is an objection/apparent contradiction which Muslims typically bring up for the reliability of the biblical text.

      However, my thought on this is that this is one purpose of the darkness which fell during the crucifixion–to serve as the “missing” period of “night.” This harmonizes John 20:1 with Matthew 12:40. Others have done so I’m different ways, but my point is that John 20:1 is much more explicit than Matthew 12:40 about the day the Lord’s resurrection occurred.

      • Chip Crawford

        John 20:1
        The first day of the week cometh Mary Magdalene early, when it was yet dark, unto the sepulchre, and seeth the stone taken away from the sepulchre.

        The word “day” is italicized in the software’s AV version, meaning the word was added at the discretion of the translaters. That still puts it beyond our Sunday.

        We do need to keep in mind that the spirit is emphasized in the New Covenant instead of the letter as we look into these things.

        • Levi Holden

          You’re incorrect about the meaning. It clearly means Sunday (See also Matthew 28:1). This isn’t a translation error, but the actual meaning. Trying to determine how Jesus could have been three nights in the grave from Friday to Sunday is just about growing in wisdom, which the Lord allows and encourages us to do. This is not me being a legalist, if that’s what you’re implying by “emphasizing the letter”.
          I am just saying it looks like a contradiction (“apparent”), not that it is, and am open to actual ideas other than that John and Matthew are mistranslated.

      • Patmos

        “what you are saying contradicts John 20:1”

        I think I’ll take the words of Jesus over the misinterpretation of text by you or any moon god worshiper. There is no contradiction. You are assuming the first of the week mentioned in John is Sunday, which makes little sense considering the Jewish calendar is different.

        • Levi Holden

          Did you just call me a moon worshipper? And say I misinterpreted a verse that says the women were at the tomb the first day of the week (Sunday)? And then you claimed that Sunday wasn’t considered the first day of the week? So what day was the seventh day/Sabbath? Sunday? Trying to understand what you’re saying here. I mentioned John 20:1, but also Matthew 28:1 is the same. And many times in Acts the first day of the week is given as the day of meeting for Christians… because He rose on a Sunday.

    • Kathy

      Our local Messianic synagogue celebrates Resurrection Day on Monday.

      • James Blazsik

        Hey Kathy – if we follow Christ then we are members of the Church, which is His body. It’s not up to an individual body of believers to decide when they want to celebrate the resurrection of Jesus. We are one. The Church has already decided to celebrate Easter on Sunday. There can be no other day.

        • Kathy

          It depends on which “Church” you are referring to, James. If I chose to attend the Messianic synagogue (approximately half Jewish and half Gentile believers) my Sabbath would be sundown on Friday to sundown on Saturday.

  • Tami Richards Winn

    I am ALL for this proposal!! Since I found out the truth about it being changed I have wanted to celebrate it on the right dates. I pray that you could get the wheel turning and that over time it could be back to the way it was.

  • Stephen D

    What is the biblically-based reason for celebrating Easter at all? Or Christmas? I find nothing in the New Testament that suggests Christians should adopt such festivals. They are part of the so-called ‘church year’ which has nothing to do with biblical Christianity as far as I can see.

    • Kathy

      I agree, but if we are going to celebrate Resurrection Day, I think it best to call it that (and not Easter) and make certain it coincides with the observance of Passover.

  • George Messenger

    I am not a Jew, nor am I trying to be. The New Testament tells us not to. However I am saddened that the “Church” has cleansed itself of the rich and God given tradition of how He wanted to be worshipped and obeyed. I pray, that, He forgives us in our destruction of the beauty of His people.

  • Joe Miller

    I would add that you need to stop calling the resurrection day of Christ “Easter” as that is another wicked thing that was done. Easter is a modification of the name Ishtar, the name of a false pagan goddess of fertility (Hence the Easter bunny, and the Easter eggs). Let’s get radical and follow the scripture exactly as it is written. 2 Timothy 3:16 All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness: 17 That the man of God may be perfect, throughly furnished unto all good works. 2 Peter 1:3 According as his divine power hath given unto us ALL things that pertain unto life and godliness, through the knowledge of him that hath called us TO GLORY AND VIRTUE: (We glorify God by bearing good fruit, or being obedient to his word, and God has given us everything in His word to glorify HIM, if we do not add to, or take away from HIS word, and the only time that Easter is mentioned in the (KJV) is when Harod had arrested Peter, DURING the days of the unleavened bread (Acts 12:3), which is after Passover, and Herod was intending to kill Peter, (Acts 12:4) after “Easter”, which is a Pagan holiday. Harod would not have cared about waiting until after a Christian holiday to kill a Christian apostle, and that one verse is the only scripture with that word “Easter” so there is no scripture given by inspiration of God that names the resurrection day of Christ “Easter” but that is just another case of the traditions of men making the word of God to no effect.

    • mbabbitt

      No, Easter is not from Ishtar. Look it up. It’s a falsity spread throughout the Church.

      • Ken Abbott

        Correct. The word has its derivation from old Germanic, not Greek or Semitic languages.

        • Reinhard Stroh

          It is quite simple: in German “Osten” is “east”, as a cardinal direction. Thats where Christianity came from.

          • SinoBen

            Hmm.. try the goddess name Ēostre more like it.

    • Reinhard Stroh

      Acts 12,4 in greek original reads “pascha”, which definitely is not “easter”.

    • Reinhard Stroh

      In German, easter is “Ostern”, which has no alliteration to “Ishtar”.
      In Italian, easter is “pasqua”, which resembles “pessach”, the same in Spanish (“pascua”), Portugese (“Páscoa”), Romanian (“Paști”), Turkish (“Paskalya”) to give a few examples.

  • John Doe

    Oh my goodness!!! As if the church (ie: body of Christ…snicker snicker) isn’t divided enough.
    Concentrate on the atomic bomb in the room, not your ingrown toe nail.
    The bomb: “believe on the Lord Jesus Christ”
    “you must be born again”
    ” love the Lord God with all your mind and all your souls”
    the toe nail: what day do we have church
    what day do we have Easter and Christmas
    The time is getting short folks. Which of these do you really think Jesus Christ cares about since he gave his life to get people in, not fetter people out. WAKE UP!!!

  • James Blazsik

    Michael, this article displays a lack of scholarly integrity. You are using only one source coming from one particular view. You should do your homework.
    The issue of the dating of Easter in the Church vs. the Jewish Passover mainly rested that Easter had to be celebrated on Sunday, the day of Christ’s resurrection. If the Church followed the Jewish calendar, then Easter would fall on any day of the week.
    There were also issues of what calendar to base the dates in the first place. The Jewish community also had the same problem. There were instances that in some Jewish communities that they celebrated the Passover twice.
    You need to be a student of Church history. And I think you need to drop your anti Catholic bias as you do it.

    • Mschmaus21

      Sir, the Passover was celebrated twice, because God allowed for it by His commandment (Numbers 9). This was fundamentally misunderstood by Constantine (according to the record of Eusebius of Caesarea).

      As for the resurrection day shifting from Sunday, First Fruits is always on a Sunday (Leviticus 23:10,11…The Sabbath, not the high Sabbaths of Unleavened Bread), just like Shavuot (Pentecost) is always on a Sunday (the day after 7 Sabbaths). I encourage you to study the Bible and the context in which it was given more than anything else. Shalom.

      • James Blazsik

        Mike, thank you for your comment. Back to the main issue of the Church not coordinating Easter with the Jewish passover: we celebrate the resurrection of Christ on Sunday, the day He rose from the dead. There isn’t any way we can celebrate it on any other day. The Jewish Passover is celebrated on the same date every year like Christmas.
        The Old Covenant has passed away. It is the Church that decides when we celebrate any day. In the New Covenant there is no Jew or Gentile. All are in Christ.

        • Mschmaus21

          James,

          First off, thank you for your cordiality! That is often lost these days in forums like this. Please forgive me if I came across as abrasive in my reply to your original comment.

          Secondly, this kind of subject really merits weeks of going back and forth to sharpen one another as brothers in Christ. We would benefit greatly by meeting in person, but since that is not possible, here is a brief and general response.

          Yes, you are correct, the Passover remains the same date on the Biblical calendar every year (shifts on the Gregorian calendar…March/April), however the Feast of First Fruits (when Jesus rose from the dead), Which is not observed by the world-wide Jewish community currently, was/is always on a Sunday.

          What was new about His resurrection wasn’t divorced from what God gave Moses in regards to His appointed times back in the Torah, but was a greater (the greatest) fulfillment of what was of old. He was/is the First Fruits of all who are asleep. He is not only the wave offering, but the High Priest, who presented Himself to the father after He resurrected as the guarantee of the realization of the rest of the harvest (all who would/will come to salvation in Him). That is why Mary couldn’t touch Him initially, because He hadn’t ascended to appear before the Father to present the First Fruits offering as the High Priest.

          As for no Jew or Gentile, yes that is true for salvation…the Kingdom is open to all who call on the name of Jesus Christ! However, we can’t ignore that God (even in the New Testament) has given us an order and specific instructions for different peoples, not in regards to men being more important than women, or masters being more important than slaves, or Jews being more important than Gentiles, for God is no respecter of men, but rather an order that reflects how His heavenly kingdom operates and how we are to subsequently treat one another, which is only possible by the Holy Spirit’s power!

          Anyway, I encourage you to look into and study God’s appointed times (they are His, not Israel’s…they were given to Israel, but are His and belong to His people, which we now are in Christ). We should all remember who the the New Covenant was given to (the house of Israel and the house of Judah) and what it is (the Torah written on our hearts). We who were once far off are now brought close, into the commonwealth of Israel through the shed blood of Jesus Christ. Who is the Aleph Tav (the Alpha and Omega), the strength of the covenant!

          Blessings to you and your family as you celebrate the death, burial and resurrection of our Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ! May we continue to grow into the likeness of Jesus!

        • Mschmaus21

          James,
          First off, thank you for your cordiality! That is often lost these days in forums like this. Please forgive me if I came across as abrasive in my reply to your original comment.
          Secondly, this kind of subject really merits weeks of going back and forth to sharpen one another as brothers in Christ. We would benefit greatly by meeting in person, but since that is not possible, here is a brief and general response.
          Yes, you are correct, the Passover remains the same date on the Biblical calendar every year (shifts on the Gregorian calendar…March/April), however the Feast of First Fruits (when Jesus rose from the dead), Which is not observed by the world-wide Jewish community currently, was/is always on a Sunday.
          What was new about His resurrection wasn’t divorced from what God gave Moses in regards to His appointed times back in the Torah, but was a greater (the greatest) fulfillment of what was of old. He was/is the First Fruits of all who are asleep. He is not only the wave offering, but the High Priest, who presented Himself to the father after He resurrected as the guarantee of the realization of the rest of the harvest (all who would/will come to salvation in Him). That is why Mary couldn’t touch Him initially, because He hadn’t ascended to appear before the Father to present the First Fruits offering as the High Priest.
          As for no Jew or Gentile, yes that is true for salvation…the Kingdom is open to all who call on the name of Jesus Christ! However, we can’t ignore that God (even in the New Testament) has given us an order and specific instructions for different peoples, not in regards to men being more important than women, or masters being more important than slaves, or Jews being more important than Gentiles, for God is no respecter of men, but rather an order that reflects how His heavenly kingdom operates and how we are to subsequently treat one another, which is only possible by the Holy Spirit’s power!
          Anyway, I encourage you to look into and study God’s appointed times (they are His, not Israel’s…they were given to Israel, but are His and belong to His people, which we now are in Christ). We should all remember who the the New Covenant was given to (the house of Israel and the house of Judah) and what it is (the Torah written on our hearts). We who were once far off are now brought close, into the commonwealth of Israel through the shed blood of Jesus Christ. Who is the Aleph Tav (the Alpha and Omega), the strength of the covenant!
          Blessings to you and your family as you celebrate the death, burial and resurrection of our Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ! May we continue to grow into the likeness of Jesus!

        • Mschmaus21

          James, first off, thank you for your cordiality! What a great tone you set for a constructive dialogue. Please forgive me if I came across as abrasive in my reply to your original comment.

          Secondly, this kind of subject really merits weeks of going back and forth in person to sharpen one another as brothers in Christ, but since that is not possible, let’s do the best in this format to encourage one another to look deeper into things concerning our shared faith.

          Yes, you are correct, the Passover remains the same date on the Biblical calendar every year (shifts on the Gregorian calendar…March/April), however the Feast of First Fruits (when Jesus rose from the dead), which by-in-large is not observed by the world-wide Jewish community, was and is always on the day after the Sabbath (Sunday).

          What was new about His resurrection was not divorced from what God gave Moses in regards to His appointed times back in the Torah, but was a fulfillment of what was of old. He was and is the First Fruits of all who are asleep we are told in Scripture. He is not only the wave offering, but also the High Priest, who presented Himself to the father after He resurrected as the guarantee of the realization of the rest of the harvest (all who would/will come to salvation in Him). That is why Mary could not touch Him initially, because He had not yet ascended to appear before the Father to present Himself as the First Fruits offering as the High Priest.

          As for no Jew or Gentile, yes that is so true for salvation! God gives it to all who would call on the name of His son…halellujah! However, we cannot ignore that God (even in the New Testament) has given us an order and specific instructions for different peoples, not in regards to men being more important than women, or masters being more important than slaves, or Jews being more important than Gentiles, for God is no respecter of persons, but rather to show us an order that reflects how His heavenly kingdom operates and how we, as citizens of that kingdom in Christ, are to treat one another in the power of the Holy Spirit.

          Anyway, I encourage you brother to look into and study God’s appointed times (they are His, not Israel’s…they were given to Israel, but belong to Him and His people, which we are now a part of in Jesus Christ). We should also all remember who the New Covenant was given to (the House of Israel and the House of Judah) and what it is (the Torah written on our hearts). We who were once far off are now brought close, not replacing, but being grafted into the commonwealth of Israel through the shed blood of Jesus Christ, who is the Aleph Tav (Alpha and Omega), the strength of the covenant!

          Blessings to you and your family as you remember the death and burial and celebrate the resurrection of our Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ! May we both continue to grow into the likeness of Jesus!

  • Reinhard Stroh

    Good idea!

  • WISE UP

    Easter is always on 1st sunday after full moon never 7 weeks later. passover is always at the full moon .

  • The Jews COMPLETELY reject Christianity and Jesus for what it was and is…a pure cult. You don’t condemn and execute someone for no reason. Brainwashing people to sell all their belongings and give it to the “church” was alarming back then as it is today.

    • Reinhard Stroh

      You are in the wrong forum. This is about reasoning, not spreading hate. At least Dr. Brown, a Jew, is Christian (and I know a lot more), so the term “completely” doesn’t apply even for today nor does it apply for the early church, who were Jews.
      We expect your apologies for your posting.

  • LuxRex

    Here’s the key biblical reason: “Therefore let no one pass judgment on you in questions of food and drink, or with regard to a festival or a new moon or a Sabbath.” (Col. 2:16)
    Holidays are an area where God’s Word gives us freedom about…

  • Shirley Katz

    Love this article – Thanks!

  • SinoBen

    I’m all for relining with Jewish calendar of festivals rather than pagan ones.

  • John

    Exodus 12:14 Now this day will be a memorial to you, and you shall celebrate it as a feast to the LORD; throughout your generations you are to celebrate it as a permanent ordinance.
    God says it and it is good enough for me. I am grateful to be Jewish by adoption in Christ. Just wish I knew some true Jewish believers to help me celebrate!

    • Kathy

      Glad I clicked on this article once again. There may be a Messianic Jewish Synagogue in your area. They welcome Gentiles (that’s what they call Christians) with open arms…the one near us is comprised of approximately half Jewish and half Gentile believers. Hope you can find one to celebrate in!

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