US Policies Can Manage the Threat of Iranian Terrorism; Iran’s People Can Eliminate It
A bipartisan group of more than 50 members of the U.S. House introduced a resolution this month highlighting the Iranian regime’s support for terrorism. Resolution 374 expresses “support for the Iranian people’s desire for a democratic, secular, and non-nuclear republic of Iran.”
It “calls on relevant … agencies to work with European allies” and to help “prevent the malign activities of the Iranian regime’s diplomatic missions, with the goal of closing them down, including the Iranian embassy in Albania.”
Iranian Terror Plots
As justification for this goal, it cites three Iranian terror plots. These are three plots out of the several that were discovered and foiled by Western authorities last year in Europe and North America. These plots have been reliably identified as part of an escalating pattern of provocation by the Iranian regime. They certainly call for a proportional response from the U.S.
The White House has acted accordingly with the repeated imposition of new sanctions. It has also made the unprecedented designation of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) as a Foreign Terrorist Organization. The listing may set the stage for Washington to take relevant action against the additional infrastructure of Tehran’s terrorism.
President Trump and his national security team, including Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and National Security Advisor John Bolton, have done a superb job in holding Iranian rulers accountable for their outlaw behavior. They should advance the same path as the only effective way to end the Iran threat.
H.Res.374 also emphasizes the role that the Iranian Ministry of Intelligence and Security (MOIS) in the pursuit of terrorist actions. This includes such as the attempted bombing of the main opposition’s Free Iran gathering in Paris on June 30 of last year. That event was attended by dozens of high-profile dignitaries from the United States and Europe, among many other counties around the world. The thwarted plot served to expose the willingness of the MOIS not only to target Iranian dissidents on foreign soil but to also attack Western citizens directly.
A recent detailed report, Iran’s Emissaries of Terror, clearly shows that MOIS terror plots enjoy the full collaboration of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Tehran’s Foreign Minister Javad Zarif. The U.S. representative office of the main opposition National Council of Resistance of Iran (NCRI-US) in Washington published the report.
Act Like a Normal Government
Under Zarif’s watch, in 2018 alone, five Iranian diplomats were expelled by France, the Netherlands, and Albania for harming European security. Another high-ranking diplomat is currently in jail in Belgium for allegedly delivering a powerful bomb to two other MOIS culprits to bomb an opposition rally in Paris. Several other Iranian agents who worked with diplomatic missions have been imprisoned, including two in the United States.
Despite such mindboggling terrorist intervention in Europe and the U.S., Zarif travels to New York and Europe posing as a victim of U.S. policy of firmness. So much for hypocrisy! If Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei, President Hassan Rouhani, and Zarif want to see an end to Tehran’s international isolation, the path is clear. Abide by the 12 points announced by the U.S. and act like a normal government. Not a pathological theocracy bent on using terrorism as the primary instrument of statecraft.
The EU finally has finally acted by including the MOIS Internal Security Division and two of its known operatives on the multinational body’s list of terrorist organizations.
A Guarantee for Peace
Many advocates of the status quo have argued that the IRGC blacklisting and other sanctions have increased the potential for war (an argument that Zarif has borrowed). But it is far more likely that these actions have prevented successful attacks on Western personnel. That’s to say nothing of Iranian activists pushing for a democratic future in their homeland.
In the long run, it is these activists alone, backed by the Iranian people, who will provide a guarantee for peace. The Paris bomb plot and other recent plans by the MOIS and the IRGC make it clear that the existing dictatorship is committed to terrorism. The answer is democratic change by the Iranian people.
The recent House resolution reflects growing confidence among Western lawmakers and Iranian activists that such change is forthcoming. It points, for instance, to a mass uprising, which began at the end of 2017 and spawned countless protests across Iran throughout 2018. In many cases, those demonstrations showcased the widespread and growing support for Iran’s organized democratic movement.
Pressure and the People
As Resolution 374 explains, opposition leader Maryam Rajavi’s 10-point plan “calls for the universal right to vote, free elections, and a market economy, and advocates gender, religious, and ethnic equality, a foreign policy based on peaceful coexistence, and a non-nuclear Iran.”
The U.S. must make the MOIS subject to the same blacklist as the IRGC, and Tehran must be compelled to cease using diplomatic institutions as cover for terrorism.
Diplomatic and economic pressure on the regime will indeed serve to manage components of the regime’s terrorism. Iran’s people, however, led by their organized opposition, can eliminate it once and for all.
Ken Blackwell is the former U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Human Rights Commission. He has been a member of the Council on Foreign Relations for the past 25 years.